Ketamine is a drug that was originally developed as a general anaesthetic and sedative for medical and veterinary use. Ketamine is also used to treat patients with bipolar disorder who have not responded to antidepressants. As a street drug, ketamine rose to popularity in the 1970s, and it has since been a common drug at raves and parties. Ketamine is also often used as a date rape drug. Ketamine is known by the street names "Special K," "Vitamin K," "Ket," and "Kit Kat," among others. Ketamine can produce powerful psychedelic effects such as hallucinations. Taken in this way, ketamine can also be highly addictive. Ketamine can be snorted as a powder or injected as a liquid. People who use ketamine regularly will build up a tolerance to the drug, requiring higher and higher doses each time in order to feel an effect. Recreational ketamine use has been associated with nausea, depression, panic attacks, amnesia, paranoia, insomnia, respiratory issues, heart problems, confusion, temporary unconsciousness, and even death.
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About Ketamine Addiction
Unlike some other drugs such as heroin or cocaine, ketamine does not create a physical addiction. However, ketamine abuse can lead to intense psychological addiction issues. People who use ketamine regularly will begin to associate ketamine with pleasurable experiences, and will feel increasingly negative emotions when they are off the drug. They will then take ketamine more often, and in larger doses, in order to achieve pleasurable experiences, which become harder and harder to achieve as the body develops a tolerance to ketamine. This can lead to a number of dangerous physical and emotional side effects, such as the ones mentioned above.
Treatment of Ketamine Addiction
Detoxification from ketamine is not physically difficult, as it does not appear to result in serious physical withdrawal symptoms. However, overcoming a ketamine addiction is psychologically challenging, and should be treated with the help of medical professionals and counsellors. Treatment methods include: group, individual and family therapy; counselling; cognitive behavioural therapy; medication management; recreation therapy; anger management; and medical treatment. Overcoming a ketamine addiction usually involves a 12-step program of education, group therapy, and medical oversight.
Post Rehabilitation of Ketamine Addiction
The post rehabilitation prognosis for ketamine addiction can change depending on the severity of addiction, the length of time the patient's addiction, and the presence of any other physical or psychological issues. Post rehabilitation can take several years, as it involves overcoming a psychological dependency, which could involve overcoming other root issues that led to the drug addiction.
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