Marijuana, or cannabis, is one of the most highly used illicit drugs in the world. Typically it is smoked, but it can also be ingested in other ways, such as in food. Scientists and medical professionals have proven that marijuana can be psychologically addictive, and many also believe it to be physically addictive as well. Heavy users of the drug will build up a tolerance, requiring them to smoke more and more marijuana every time they want to get high. Among heavy users, many will feel withdrawal symptoms if they stop using marijuana. These symptoms can include anxiety, insomnia, restlessness, mood swings, aggression, depression, and loss of appetite. It is important to note that these withdrawal symptoms are more common in those who use the drug heavily, and not all marijuana users will experience withdrawal symptoms. This is because the active ingredient, THC, is stored in the fat cells with regular use. Upon quitting, the THC slowly seeps out of the fat cells and into the bloodstream, thereby preventing or alleviating withdrawal symptoms. It is also important to note that these withdrawal symptoms are primarily psychological. Marijuana addiction can be treated in a variety of ways, through both inpatient and outpatient programs.
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About Marijuana Addiction
In addition to its addictive qualities, heavy marijuana use has also been shown to weaken users' lung capacity and to lower men's testosterone levels and sperm count. Marijuana addiction levels are higher amongst heavy or chronic users - those who get high once a day or more. The main identifying factor in marijuana addiction is the presence of withdrawal symptoms. Marijuana addiction can also lead to other disorders, such as delirium, anxiety, and other psychotic issues.
Treatment of Marijuana Addiction
A number of methods have been used to successfully treat marijuana addiction. These methods include: 12-step programmes, motivational incentives, cognitive-behavioural therapy, group therapy, and pharmacological or medical intervention. Often, several of these methods are used in conjunction with each other.
Post Rehabilitation of Marijuana Addiction
For heavy marijuana users, traces of the drug can stay in the body for up to a month or more. Similarly, treatment and rehabilitation time can change depending on each person's rate of use. Some people will not feel withdrawal effects, and will be able to abstain from marijuana use more easily. For others, withdrawal symptoms could last from several weeks to several months, and post rehabilitation could last even longer.
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