Bulimia is known as an eating disorder that is defined by binge eating that is followed by purging. The disorder can also be characterized by eating a significant portion of food in a short period of time, then making an effort to rid oneself of said food. Bulimics achieve this by throwing up (purging), taking a diuretic or laxative, or extreme exercising. This is all done due to an obsession with one's body weight. Interestingly enough, some individuals who experience this eating disorder may even alternate between bulimia and anorexia, or even another type of eating problem. If you have this eating disorder, then you need to seek treatment for it.
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Bulimia can be identified by looking for certain symptoms in the affected individual. These symptoms are usually based upon aggressive and uncontrollable eating patterns that might only come to a halt if the stomach starts to hurt due to over-extension or if another person catches the individual in the process of purging. If this vicious cycle is repeated, then it might cause serious consequences, such as infertility, constipation, delayed emptying of the stomach, an actual break in one's oesophageal wall from all the vomiting, peptic ulcers, inflamed salivary glands and even scars or callouses on the backs of the hands from the repeated trauma of the incisors.
Treatment of Bulimia
There are two different forms of treatment that are given to those who have bulimia. One of them is the psychopharmacological type. The other is psychosocial treatment. On the psychopharmacological side, there have been experiments done with various drugs such as antidepressants and even opiate antagonists. These experiments show promise. Currently, the most widely used medication for bulimia treatment is the antidepressant Prozac (generic name "fluoxetine"). There are various psychosocial therapies that have been used for this eating disorder. The primary one is CBT, or cognitive behavioural therapy. This is a type of talk therapy that rose to prominence in the 1990's and has shown great success in treating a number of disorders. Cognitive behavioural therapy focuses on identifying the cognitions (thoughts and beliefs) that lead to the problem behaviour, then modifying those thoughts in order to prevent the problem behaviour from occurring in the future. Another type of psychosocial treatment that has been found to be successful is family based treatment, which has also been used to treat patients with anorexia.
Post Rehabilitation of Bulimia
A lot of people with this eating disorder will actually recover. There is a link between successful treatment and getting help early, so remember to seek help for the eating problem early. Over the long term, approximately 70 per cent of people who had this eating disorder will eventually stop having any symptoms of it altogether. Some addictions counsellors suggest pursuing new hobbies as a way to distract the mind from an obsession with unhealthy body weight. Once treatment has stopped, there are even self-help groups available to offer people who have suffered from bulimia the post-care support they need to continue to eat healthily.
Bulimia is a psychological disturbance because it is an eating disorder. It is a serious eating problem because of all the horrible effects and damage it can cause in your body if you do not seek treatment early. The prognosis for this eating disorder is actually quite good, but only if early treatment is sought and then provided. Treatment currently includes a dual approach that includes psychopharmacological approaches together with psychosocial treatments. With the correct post rehabilitation support in place from self-help groups, people can overcome this eating problem.
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