Depression is a state of mood in which a person feels a general sense of sadness. This can result in feelings of anxiety, hopelessness, irritability, and guilt. A state of depression can affect on almost every aspect of a person's life, including their thoughts, behaviour, and physical and psychological well-being. Clinical depression is an issue for some people, but many people suffer from other types, such as atypical depression, postpartum depression, or seasonal depression. The causes of the disorder are widespread. The kind of treatment varies depending on the individual and the type of depression they're experiencing.
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Although everyone gets sad sometimes, depression is an intense episode of sadness that can bring on many psychological and physical symptoms for a long period of time. In clinical depression, the depression can take over for weeks, and make regular life responsibilities and activities extremely difficult. Another severe type of depression is chronic depression, which can last for years, but is not as disabling as clinical depression. Some people experience depression as a result of something more specific, like seasonal affective disorder or postpartum depression. In all types of depression, a person can experience symptoms that make them feel worthless and cause them extreme psychological pain.
In recent years, research has drawn a correlation between a serotonin deficiency and depression. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is thought to be responsible for creating feelings of happiness. Studies have found that people who experience symptoms of depression are more likely to have low levels of serotonin. Other studies have implicated the 5-HTT gene (a gene thought to be responsible for determining serotonin transportation) in the disorder. These studies have found that individuals with an abnormally short 5-HTT gene tend to experience higher levels of depression when exposed to traumatic life events than those with a 5-HTT gene of normal length. Studies at Stanford University have confirmed that depression has a fifty per cent heritability rate, meaning that a person who has an immediate family member with depression is at an increased risk of developing the disorder.
Treatment of Depression
Depression is definitely treatable, and there are many different ways to deal with a depressive disorder. Most of the time, an individual who is depressed does not need to be hospitalized or spend time in an inpatient program. Usually, this type of treatment is only necessary if the individual is a threat to his or her own safety or the safety of someone else. Generally, treatment consists of some form of psychotherapy. This will allow the individual to talk through their feelings and gain a better understanding of their thoughts and behaviour. Cognitive-behavioural therapy has shown to be effective in most cases. Sometimes, medication is required, especially in clinical or chronic cases. The most common type of medication prescribed for depression is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, or SSRI.
Post Rehabilitation of Depression
Aftercare of depression depends a lot on the individual. Recovering from depression is all about learning how to deal with problems in a healthy way, and someone with depression needs to learn how to love themselves. Lifestyle changes may be necessary, and can improve symptoms of depression. Getting regular exercise, eating well, and getting enough sleep are great ways to start feeling better. Keeping a strong support system is also important, and the individual should do whatever they can to reduce social isolation.
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