Mania is a state of excessive happiness or excitement. A manic episode is a symptom of bipolar disorder, which is where a person experiences dramatic mood episodes and can go from being manic to depressed for seemingly no reason. While experiencing mania, a person may feel great at first, but the feelings will eventually catch up with them, and a manic episode can turn into an exhausting, terrifying, and confusing experience. Mania is usually treated with mood stabilizers, and the patient should receive long-term treatment with psychotherapy.
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About Mania Disorder
A manic episode often starts off with the person feeling great, and experiencing excessive happiness and hopefulness. It's likely that they won't understand why anyone else thinks something is wrong with them, as they believe everything is going great. Outwardly, the manic person will be very talkative and restless. They can be easily distracted, will find it hard to concentrate and will experience a flight of ideas. The person may indulge in reckless behaviour, such as lavish spending, or increased sexual activity. These symptoms can have a negative effect on a person's relationships, career, and physical and psychological well-being. In some cases, a person may become psychotic and experience delusions, or believe they are superhuman.
Treatment Of Mania Disorder
Mania is usually treated with mood stabilizers, or in some cases, antipsychotic medication. Lithium is used most often as a mood stabilizer to treat bipolar disorder and prevent episodes of both mania and depression. In many cases when a person is experiencing a manic episode, inpatient care is not necessary. However, if the patient is suffering from suicidal thoughts or if there's a chance their mania could result in them hurting themselves or somebody else, hospitalization is required. Psychotherapy is important for treatment of mania, and as part of treatment, the individual should be educated about their disorder.
Post Rehabilitation Of Mania Disorder
For somebody with bipolar disorder, there is always the possibility of a relapse, and even if their mood has stabilized and they are no longer depressed or manic, there's still a chance that they will have another episode. Aftercare is extremely important for helping the individual deal with their disorder in the long-term. A person who has experienced a manic episode should continue to be monitored by a psychiatrist, and should continue taking the medication prescribed to them by a doctor who is following their progress. The individual will also need to find ways to cope with any mental health issues they experience in a healthy and safe way. Self-coping strategies and recognition of potential issues can make a relapse much less likely.
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