Obsessive compulsive disorder, or OCD, can be a disabling illness for some people. A person with OCD has unreasonable thoughts and fears. Their obsession with these unreasonable ideas leads them to behave in a compulsive, often repetitive way. The anxiety surrounding the fear drives the individual to perform compulsive rituals in order to relieve the feelings of stress, but it often results in a vicious cycle of compulsive behaviour. Although OCD can be extremely severe, it can also be treated. The most successful types of treatment are psychotherapy and medication.
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About Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder have uncontrollable, obsessive thoughts compel them to behave in repetitive, compulsive ways. Although people with OCD recognize that their obsessions and compulsions are irrational, they are unable to stop the behaviour. Common obsessive thoughts in OCD include fear of contamination, fear of causing harm to someone, order, superstitions, and sexual explicit or violent thoughts. Compulsive behaviour can include excessive double-checking, counting, repeating words, excessive cleaning or washing, and hoarding useless items. These symptoms can result in serious psychological and physical problems, but it can be very hard for a person with OCD to seek help.
Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Treatment for OCD can include a variety of approaches. Medication is sometimes used, and a doctor can decide whether that is necessary. Often, treatment includes cognitive-behavioural therapy, where the individual will be exposed to the source of their obsession, and will slowly learn to deal with the anxiety, rather than performing the compulsive behaviour. The individual will learn new, healthy ways to deal with their obsessive thoughts. Family therapy is often very beneficial for OCD, as it is a problem that many people don't understand, and it can cause conflict if the family members are not supportive and understanding.
Post Rehabilitation of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder should continue to see a therapist for at least a year after originally receiving treatment. Some sufferers of OCD remain in some form of counselling their whole lives. Recovery from obsessive-compulsive disorder means finding new ways to deal with obsessive thoughts. With the right kind of treatment, a person with obsessive-compulsive disorder can lead a happy and healthy life.
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