A phobia is an irrational fear of something that poses little or no danger. The fear is unreasonable and causes the person extreme distress and anxiety. Many people have phobias, and there are many different types of phobias. Some popular phobias are a fear of heights, animals, needles, or closed-in places. The main health issue around phobia is the effect of the fear on a person, which can be both physically and psychologically problematic. Treatment for phobias includes cognitive behavioural therapy, counselling, and in some cases, medication. If you experience any of the following, you may have a phobia.
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Phobias can come about in a variety of ways. Often, they stem from a bad experience. For example, someone who has a phobia of dogs may have been bitten by a dog, or may have witnessed someone else being bitten by a dog. Often, phobias are caused by another person's phobia. If you grow up in a household where your mother has a phobia of small spaces, you may learn that behaviour and experience the same (or a similar) phobia. Phobias can cause extreme anxiety and because the fear is irrational and unreasonable, can also cause social issues. The phobia can cause physical reactions associated with anxiety, like trouble breathing or increased heart rate, which can be dangerous in some cases.
Treatment of Phobias
Treatment for phobias rarely results in hospitalization or an inpatient program. Instead, treatment usually consists of cognitive behavioural therapy in either an individual or group situation. In this type of therapy, the individual will be slowly exposed to the object, situation or activity they fear. It is a slow process and involves steps to allow the person to become more and more comfortable with exposure to their fear. Therapy will teach the individual techniques for relaxing and becoming comfortable in every situation, as they get closer and closer to their fear. The goal of treatment is to extinguish the fear response. In some cases, a doctor may prescribe medication that will help with anxiety.
Post Rehabilitation of Phobias
The prognosis for phobia treatment is usually positive. About seventy-five per cent of patients make a full recovery. A phobia may never go away completely, but learning new, healthy ways to deal with the fear is the best way to guarantee the individual lives a normal, happy life. Oftentimes, people let phobias get in the way of what they want to do, but dealing with the psychological issues surrounding the fear is one way to make sure the phobia doesn't win.
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